WASHINGTON — Governors across the United States struggled on Monday with how to make good on President Trump’s order that their economically battered states deliver billions more in unemployment benefits to jobless residents.
Democrats were harshly critical of Mr. Trump’s order, which he signed on Saturday night after talks with Congress on a broad new pandemic aid package collapsed. But even Republican governors said the order could put a serious strain on their budgets and worried it would take weeks for tens of millions of unemployed Americans to begin seeing the benefit.
Congress initially provided a $600-a-week supplement to unemployment benefits when the coronavirus pandemic shut down much of the United States in March. But that benefit lapsed on July 31, after talks between the White House and Congress broke down. Republicans had pushed for a $400 supplemental benefit, Democrats said it was not enough, and so on Saturday Mr. Trump ordered the $400 benefit — but said it was contingent on states to come up with $100 of that on their own.
Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo of New York told reporters on Monday that Mr. Trump’s order would cost his state about $4 billion by the end of the year, making it little more than a fantasy. He said that no New Yorker would see enhanced unemployment benefits because of the president.
“This only makes a bad situation worse,” Mr. Cuomo said. “When you are in a hole, stop digging. This executive order only digs the hole deeper.”
His comments were echoed by Gov. Andy Beshear of Kentucky, a Democrat like Mr. Cuomo, who said Mr. Trump’s order would cost his state $1.5 billion through the end of the year.
“It’s not workable in its current form,” Mr. Beshear said. “It’s something virtually no state can afford.”
Republicans largely praised the president for trying to act where Congress’s dysfunction had failed, but they said they would need to pull funds from other pressing budgetary needs.
Gov. Asa Hutchinson of Arkansas, a Republican, said it was possible to comply with Mr. Trump’s executive order, but he would have to reallocate money from another portion of the budget.
“We could do it,” Mr. Hutchinson said in an interview. “It would be a readjustment of priorities and take some time.” He added, “That’s not ideal.”
Gov. Brian Kemp of Georgia, a Republican and an ally of Mr. Trump, said his staff was still working through what to do about unemployment benefits. “We’re digging in on that issue,” he said.
And Gov. Jim Justice of West Virginia, a Republican, said the order would cost his state $26 million a week.
“The question of whether or not West Virginia will be able to pay that, whether or not West Virginia will willingly pay that, I would tell you hands down, period — period — we’re going to pay that,” Mr. Justice said during a news conference. “We cannot let our people that are sitting out there with no job wondering what in the world they are going to do, sit out there and wilt on the vine.”
Still, Mr. Justice said he remained hopeful that the federal government would decide to cover the whole cost of the program, and that lawmakers would strike a deal. “We hope Congress will quit being a bunch of political babies,” he said.
In the meantime, Mr. Trump appeared to be making cascading changes to the policy on the fly, with the result that some unemployed people could receive only a $300 supplemental benefit per week. Officials in the office of Gov. Mike DeWine of Ohio, a Republican, said they were told late Sunday by the Labor Department that there was a new option that allowing unemployed workers to claim the additional $300 per week without the state kicking in an extra $100.
Mr. DeWine opted to just take the federal money. “It’s a lot quicker to implement and get the benefits to Ohioans at no additional cost to the state,” said Dan Tierney, a spokesman for Mr. DeWine.
Several other states confirmed on Monday that they had received the same option from the Labor Department, although how many would actually get it remained an open question on Monday evening, when Mr. Trump told reporters that he would waive the 25 percent match in certain cases.
“We just had a meeting with the governors, and they were very anxious to get money for the people in their states,” Mr. Trump said at a White House briefing. “We can terminate the 25 percent, or we don’t have to do that. So we will see what it is — depends on the individual state — but a lot of money will be going to a lot of people very quickly.”
Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin, who was with the president at the briefing, said the benefit would begin to go out to unemployed workers within the next week or two. But it was also unclear how long that federal benefit would last, with some experts estimating it would be just a few weeks because the administration could only direct existing funding.
As the governors wrestled with Mr. Trump’s order, talks on a congressional aid package remained at a standstill. Several House and Senate members have scattered across the country unless they are called back to vote on an agreement. They spent the day trading barbs over who was to blame for the logjam.
In an interview with CNBC on Monday, Mr. Mnuchin, who has been negotiating for the Trump administration, declined to comment on specifics but said that the White House remained ready to make a deal.
The Coronavirus Outbreak ›
Frequently Asked Questions
Updated August 6, 2020
Why are bars linked to outbreaks?
- Think about a bar. Alcohol is flowing. It can be loud, but it’s definitely intimate, and you often need to lean in close to hear your friend. And strangers have way, way fewer reservations about coming up to people in a bar. That’s sort of the point of a bar. Feeling good and close to strangers. It’s no surprise, then, that bars have been linked to outbreaks in several states. Louisiana health officials have tied at least 100 coronavirus cases to bars in the Tigerland nightlife district in Baton Rouge. Minnesota has traced 328 recent cases to bars across the state. In Idaho, health officials shut down bars in Ada County after reporting clusters of infections among young adults who had visited several bars in downtown Boise. Governors in California, Texas and Arizona, where coronavirus cases are soaring, have ordered hundreds of newly reopened bars to shut down. Less than two weeks after Colorado’s bars reopened at limited capacity, Gov. Jared Polis ordered them to close.
I have antibodies. Am I now immune?
- As of right now, that seems likely, for at least several months. There have been frightening accounts of people suffering what seems to be a second bout of Covid-19. But experts say these patients may have a drawn-out course of infection, with the virus taking a slow toll weeks to months after initial exposure. People infected with the coronavirus typically produce immune molecules called antibodies, which are protective proteins made in response to an infection. These antibodies may last in the body only two to three months, which may seem worrisome, but that’s perfectly normal after an acute infection subsides, said Dr. Michael Mina, an immunologist at Harvard University. It may be possible to get the coronavirus again, but it’s highly unlikely that it would be possible in a short window of time from initial infection or make people sicker the second time.
I’m a small-business owner. Can I get relief?
- The stimulus bills enacted in March offer help for the millions of American small businesses. Those eligible for aid are businesses and nonprofit organizations with fewer than 500 workers, including sole proprietorships, independent contractors and freelancers. Some larger companies in some industries are also eligible. The help being offered, which is being managed by the Small Business Administration, includes the Paycheck Protection Program and the Economic Injury Disaster Loan program. But lots of folks have not yet seen payouts. Even those who have received help are confused: The rules are draconian, and some are stuck sitting on money they don’t know how to use. Many small-business owners are getting less than they expected or not hearing anything at all.
What are my rights if I am worried about going back to work?
What is school going to look like in September?
- It is unlikely that many schools will return to a normal schedule this fall, requiring the grind of online learning, makeshift child care and stunted workdays to continue. California’s two largest public school districts — Los Angeles and San Diego — said on July 13, that instruction will be remote-only in the fall, citing concerns that surging coronavirus infections in their areas pose too dire a risk for students and teachers. Together, the two districts enroll some 825,000 students. They are the largest in the country so far to abandon plans for even a partial physical return to classrooms when they reopen in August. For other districts, the solution won’t be an all-or-nothing approach. Many systems, including the nation’s largest, New York City, are devising hybrid plans that involve spending some days in classrooms and other days online. There’s no national policy on this yet, so check with your municipal school system regularly to see what is happening in your community.
He urged Democrats to consider a limited package focused on areas of agreement such as funding for schools — an entreaty Democrats have repeatedly rejected, arguing that the toll of the pandemic warrants a sweeping, broad package and urging Republicans to consider more than doubling their $1 trillion proposal.
“There’s a deal to do if the Democrats are reasonable and want to compromise,” Mr. Mnuchin said. “If their attitude is we’d rather give you nothing than agree on things, then we’re not going to get a deal.”
Senator Chuck Schumer of New York, the Democratic leader, told reporters on Monday that progress was incumbent on administration officials deciding “to change and meet us in the middle” and “not say it’s their way or no way.”
“The Democratic position is that we want to devote enough resources to defeat the virus and see the American people through this crisis,” Mr. Schumer said in a speech on the Senate floor.
Republicans, who face stark divisions within their own conference over the scope of another relief package, accused Democrats of prioritizing longstanding political goals over reaching a compromise for relief.
“They think they have political leverage over the president of the United States, and so they’re willing to personally increase the pain for vulnerable families unless they get their way on matters not related to Covid-19,” Senator Mitch McConnell of Kentucky, the majority leader, said on the Senate floor Monday afternoon. “Democrats said, ‘Our way or the highway.’”
Unemployment remains stubbornly high, even after states lifted restrictions and allowed stores, restaurants and other industries to reopen. The government reported last week that nearly 1.2 million workers had filed new claims for state unemployment benefits, the lowest weekly total since March, but still high by historical standards. Economists estimate that about 30 million people are still collecting unemployment.
Even before Mr. Trump’s actions on Saturday, several state and local governments, reeling from lost tax revenue as a result of the pandemic-induced economic collapse, were already lobbying Congress to allocate billions more in relief. A $2.2 trillion stimulus law approved in March set aside a $150 billion pot of money for state and local governments, but the funds came with cumbersome restrictions and prevented municipalities with less than 500,000 people from directly receiving relief.
State tax revenue was down more than 20 percent in May from a year earlier, according to data from 46 states compiled by Lucy Dadayan, a researcher at the Urban Institute. She estimated revenues could fall by $200 billion in the 2020 and 2021 fiscal years. State and local governments have already cut more than 1 million jobs during the crisis, and many economists fear more layoffs if the federal government does not provide billions in aid.
In the $3.4 trillion legislation that House Democrats approved in May, lawmakers allocated close to $1 trillion for state, local and tribal governments, and top Democrats have continued to hold firm in their insistence that those governments need substantial relief. Some lawmakers have coalesced around a bipartisan proposal that would provide $500 billion in new relief, in addition to loosening flexibility on how the previously allocated money is spent.
But Republicans, arguing that much of that money had not yet been spent, did not include any new aid for states in their own $1 trillion proposal, with some local governments reporting a delay in getting relief from their state governments. The Department of the Treasury Office of Inspector General reported in late July that states had spent only about one-quarter of the aid provided, but some state officials and experts said the report did not account for money that was already earmarked for spending.
Mr. Trump, who has largely sidelined himself during talks on Capitol Hill, asserted that the Democrats were ready to make a deal and touted a rise in the stock market on Monday. He also called for cutting capital gains taxes and more unspecified tax cuts for the middle class.
Ben Casselman and Tiffany Hsu contributed reporting from New York.